Fun Facts

  • An estimated 1,500 black bears live in the Smoky Mountains.
  • The Great Smoky Mountains are the home to more than 30 different types of Salamander species.
  • People first started living in the gigantic mountain range during prehistoric times.
  • Cherokee Indians were forced out of the mountain area during the 1830s in what is now called the “trial of tears”.
  • The park’s native hemlock tree is currently in danger from an insect called the hemlock woolly adelgid.
  • The park contains close to 80 different historic buildings including churches, homes, mills and schools.
  • More than 1,200 mountain residents had to leave the area when the land became a National park.
  • The Smokies were once the home to one of the biggest logging industries in the country.
  • The Great Smoky Mountains became a National Park in 1934.
  • Only 20% of the park’s forest remained after the loggers had cut down a large majority of the surrounding trees.
  • Standing 480 feet, the park’s Fontana Dam is the largest dam East of the Mississippi River.
  • There are over 700 miles of streams throughout the park.
  • The park is home to more than 50 different fish species.
  • A female bat that is nursing her young can actually eat its weight in insects.
  • The Great Smoky Mountains are often referred to as the “Salamander Capital of the World”.